The hype surrounding technological breakthroughs is ever increasing. Not surprisingly, business leaders feel confused or even intimidated by this, asking: “What should I do about all this?” PwC’s 19th Annual Global CEO Survey 2016 showed that 77% of CEOs are concerned about the speed of technological change in their industries.
To support our clients in their technology journeys, PwC has evaluated more than 150 technologies globally and developed a methodology to help identify the most useful among them. This publication showcases the “Essential Eight” that we anticipate will have the greatest influence on business, both worldwide and in Russia, in the very near future. We have also developed three basic guidelines to help Russian business leaders properly evaluate the importance and utility for their companies of various innovations in the ever-evolving technological landscape.
Distributed electronic ledger that uses software algorithms to record and confirm transactions with reliability and anonymity. The record of events is shared between many parties and information once entered cannot be altered, as the downstream chain reinforces upstream transactions.
Air or water-based devices and vehicles, for example, Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV), that fly or move without an onboard human pilot. Drones can operate autonomously (via on-board computers) on a predefined flight plan or be controlled remotely.
Network of objects – devices, vehicles, etc. – embedded with sensors, software, network connectivity and compute capability that can collect and exchange data over the Internet. IoT enables devices to be connected and remotely monitored or controlled. The term IoT has come to represent any device that is now “connected” and accessible via a network connection. The Industrial IoT (IoT) is a subset of IoT and refers to its use in manufacturing and industrial sectors.
Electro-mechanical machines or virtual agents that automate augment or assist human activities, autonomously or according to a set of instructions – often a computer program.
Additive manufacturing techniques used to create three-dimensional objects based on digital models by layering or “printing” successive layers of materials. 3D printing relies on innovative “inks” including plastic, and more recently, glass and wood.
Computer-generated simulation of a three dimensional image or a complete environment, within a defined and contained space, that viewers can interact with in realistic ways. VR is intended to be an immersive experience and typically requires equipment, most commonly a helmet/headset.
Addition of information or visuals to the physical world, via a graphics and/or audio overlay, to improve the user experience for a task or a product. This “augmentation” of the real world is achieved via supplemental devices that render and display said information.
Software algorithms that are capable of performing tasks that normally require human intelligence, such as visual perception, speech recognition, decision-making and language translation. AI is an “umbrella” concept that is made up of numerous subfields, such as machine learning, which focuses on the development of programs that can teach themselves to learn, understand, reason, plan, and act (i.e. become more intelligent) when exposed to new data in the right quantities.
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